Between 1898 and 1903, the Sussex Portland Cement Co Ltd built 45 houses for their workforce just north of the Shoreham plant. The census returns for 1901 and 1911 show the development of these, and give an interesting insight into the nature of the workforce.
The fact that most of the houses were crammed with people - often with two housholds in a house, and numerous "boarders" and "lodgers" - is not surprising. It is typical of the housing in new industrial areas at the time. What its more striking is the cosmopolitan nature of the community, with workers drawn in from all over Britain.
The occupations listed indicate the nature of the workforce at a plant that at the time was still predominantly based on static kiln production. Many of those labelled simply as labourer probably had more specialised jobs than this implies. By far the most common specialised occupation mentioned is "kiln loader", digging dried slurry from the chambers of chamber kilns, and transferring it to the kiln for burning. In the 1911 census, there were also a number of contractors, working on the Kiln 3 installation, who had been billeted in the company housing.