Cement Kilns



  • Grid reference: SO95329674
  • x=395270
  • y=296730
  • 52°34'6"N; 2°4'12"W
  • Civil Parish: Bilston, Staffordshire

Clinker manufacture operational: 1869-1914

Approximate total clinker production: 23,000 tonnes

Raw materials: Argillaceous limestone from the Pennine Middle Coal Measures Formation (309-312 Ma) for “Roman Cement” – location unknown: Silurian Ludlow Limestone (Upper Quarried Limestone Member: 423-426 Ma) was probably brought from Sedgley (5 km) to sweeten it for Portland.

Ownership: Windmill Cement Company

Like the Deepfields plant, this was originally set up to make what passed for “Roman Cement”, and the date of first manufacture of Portland cement is uncertain. There is no evidence for more than one dry process bottle kiln – output say 20 t/week. The town-centre site remained derelict in use as a builders yard for many years, with the windmill remaining a landmark. It was redeveloped for offices in the 1960s.

No rotary kilns were installed.

Sources: Francis, pp 73, 219

© Dylan Moore 2011: last edit 26/11/2014.

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Approximate capacity: tonnes per year
Windmill Capacity