Cement Kilns

Saffron Walden


  • Grid reference: TL54933746
  • x=554930
  • y=237460
  • 52°0'50"N; 0°15'28"E
  • Civil Parish: Saffron Walden, Essex

Clinker manufacture operational: 1879-1917

Approximate total clinker production: 115,000 tonnes

Raw materials:

  • Upper Chalk (Seaford Chalk Formation: 85-88 Ma) from quarry at 555100,237300
  • Boulder Clay from pit at 555800,237800


  • 1879-1906 Dix, Green and Co.
  • 1906-1913 Bell and Sons Ltd

This had five wet process bottle kilns. At some time, the kilns were converted to chamber format. Davis put the 1907 output at 120 t/week. It had no entry in 1914 directories, but ICMA data suggests it continued in a small way through WWI and despatched its last cement in 1918. The plant may have continued for a while after the war making lime, under the ownership of E. Rooke & Sons. The plant had no rail link: Saffron Walden station and freight depot was about a mile away. The site is now an industrial park.

No rotary kilns were installed.

Sources: Francis, p 206: Victoria County History of Essex, Vol 2, p 493

© Dylan Moore 2011: commenced 13/01/2011: last edit 28/07/2016.

Return to plant list

Old Maps

Approximate capacity: tonnes per year
Saffron Walden Capacity

Saffron Walden Picture Picture: ©English Heritage - NMR Aerofilms Collection. Britain from Above reference number EPW026960.
Britain from Above features some of the oldest and most valuable images of the Aerofilms Collection, a unique and important archive of aerial photographs. You can download images, share memories, and add information. By the end of the project in 2014, 95,000 images taken between 1919 and 1953 will be available online.
This was taken in May 1929, viewed from the west. The plant had long before ceased to make cement. Old kiln banks have had drying chambers superimposed. The washmill is immediately to the right of the stack. View in High Definition.