North Hylton


  • Grid reference: NZ35035709
  • x=435030
  • y=557090
  • 54°54'26"N; 1°27'13"W
  • Civil Parish: Hylton, County Durham

Clinker manufacture operational: ?1865-?1911

Approximate total clinker production: 197,000 tonnes

Raw materials: Unknown. The local limestone (not in any case close to the plant) is magnesian and therefore can't be used for cement manufacture. There is no indication of any ballast tips at this inland location. However, the plant used wash backs, so it must have used chalk. Probably also Boulder Clay (Pelaw Clay Member)

Ownership: W. Grimshaw and Sons

Also called Wear Works (but not to be confused with Deptford, sometimes called Wear Works). Apart from the passing reference in Francis and the local directories, maps are the only evidence regarding this plant that I have been able to find. The 1896 map shows six medium sized wet process bottle kilns, corresponding to Davis’ 1907 capacity of 150 t/week . Like many other north-eastern plants, the rise in the price of fresh chalk by sea from the Thames probably caused its demise. The plant transportation appears to have been entirely water-based. The site was completely cleared after closure and is now under housing.

No rotary kilns were installed.

Sources: Francis, p 227: Jackson, p 299