Newhaven

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Location:

  • Grid reference: TQ44870328
  • x=544870
  • y=103280
  • 50°48'39"N; 0°3'23"E
  • Civil Parish: South Heighton, East Sussex

Clinker manufacture operational: 9/1884 - 1924

Approximate total clinker production: 790,000 tonnes

Raw materials:

  • Upper Chalk (Seaford Chalk Formation: 85-88 Ma) from the adjacent quarry at 544900,103400
  • Clay:
    • 1884-1897 Alluvial Clay from the Medway
    • 1897-1922 Alluvium from the adjacent marshes 544950,103250, and Upper Gault Clay (Gault Formation: 100-106 Ma) from Glynde 546900,109700 (by rail)

Ownership:

Sometimes called South Heighton Works. The plant was constructed with chamber kilns: 1884 Nos 1-4, capacity 84 t/week, located at 544843,103226 to 544850,103230; 1891 Nos 5-12, capacity 232 t/week, located at 544856,103242 to 544874,103272; 1897 Nos 13-21, capacity 261 t/week, located at 544876,103277 to 544896,103311. Heat consumption 16.8 MJ/kg. In 1902, a rotary kiln similar to those at Shoreham was installed. A second, larger kiln was installed in 1907. The 1924 rating was 350 t/week, with presumably only a few chamber kilns operational. The closure of the plant, in an area short of cement, was presumably due to lack of raw material reserves. The plant did not have a wharf on the River Ouse: it had a spur on the LB&SC railway, and may have used the port of Newhaven for water-borne transport. The plant site is now an industrial estate, and the quarry contains a trailer park.

Rawmills

In the early plant, chalk and clay were milled in a common washmill, then the slurry was re-ground with flat stones. There must have been later modifications but these are unknown.

Two rotary kilns were installed:

Kiln A1

Supplier: FLS
Operated: 10/1902 -1908
Process: Wet
Location: Hot end 544879,103347: Cold end 544864,103357
Dimensions: Metric 18.00×1.500
Rotation (viewed from firing end): anti-clockwise.
Slope: 1/16 (3.583°)
Speed: ?
Drive: 2.24 kW
Kiln profile: 0×1500: 18000×1500: tyres at 2100, 8400, 15900: turning gear at 9375
Cooler: Cooler pit, elevator and vertical 3 m i.d. drum cooler
Fuel: Coal
Coal mill: indirect: ball mill
Typical Output: 26 t/d
Typical Heat Consumption: 10.3 MJ.kg


Kiln A2

Supplier: FLS
Operated: 4/1907-1924
Process: Wet
Location: Hot end 544883,103352: Cold end 544854,103369
Dimensions: Metric 34.00×2.100
Rotation (viewed from firing end): clockwise.
Slope: 1/25 (2.292°)
Speed: 1.0-2.0 rpm
Drive: ?
Kiln profile: 0×2100: 34000×2100: tyres at 1475, 12010, 25970: turning gear at 12905
Cooler: concentric rotary metric 9.50 × 1.050 / 1.650 beneath kiln
Cooler profile: 0×1200: 3640×1200: 3640×1050: 3920×1050: 3920×1650: 9500×1650: tyre at 2150 with trunnion end bearing: turning gear at tail end
Fuel: Coal
Coal mill: indirect: ball mill
Typical Output: 69 t/d
Typical Heat Consumption: 8.73 MJ.kg



Sources: Francis, pp 175, 257: Jackson, p 288: Pugh, p 51: 1902 Newspaper article