Cement Kilns


caledonianCaledonian Brand. The Caledonian Portland Cement Co. Ltd. distributed the product of Coltness, Gartsherrie and Wishaw from 1929.


  • Grid reference: NS73016625
  • x=273010
  • y=666250
  • 55°52'21"N; 4°1'47"W
  • Civil Parish: Old Monklands, Lanarkshire

Clinker manufacture operational: 1926?-?1958

Approximate total clinker production: ?

Raw materials:


  • 1924-1938 William Baird & Co. Ltd
  • 1938-1946 Baird’s & Scottish Steel Ltd
  • 1967-1986 Clyde Portland Cement Co. Ltd (Tunnel)
  • 1986-2006 Castle Cement Ltd (RTZ to 1989, Scancem to 1999, HeidelbergCement to 2006)

Also known as Coatbridge Works.

Like Wishaw, this is included because some sources imply that the plant had a history similar to Coltness, initially making Colloseus activated slag cement, and then making clinker from the slag with a rotary kiln, to make a PBFC product. However, I have had no luck in obtaining any details, or any confirmation that clinker was ever made, although cement was certainly made using either local or bought-in clinker. The situation is made worse by the fact that its history is confused with that of the Clydebank grinding plant.

A Dundee Courier article (8/1/1926) said "Messrs. William Baird & Company, Limited beg to announce that they are now manufacturers of Portland cement at their Gartsherrie works, Coatbridge."

The buildings shown on the map give no indication of any rotary kilns: if there were any, they may have been similar to Coltness A1. The adjacent iron works shut down in 1938, but as with Coltness, slag could have been brought in from other sites in later years. The plant continued as part of the Caledonian consortium (with Coltness and Wishaw) to sell its cement. The site was acquired by Clyde, which was a subsidiary of Tunnel and had operated a grinding plant at Clydebank (249870,669440) since 1933. The latter was shut down and the grinding operation was transferred to Gartsherrie, usually grinding clinker from Ribblesdale. Later it functioned only as a cement terminal, and closed in 2006 following the construction of a new terminal at Mossend, Motherwell. The site was immediately cleared.

Please contact me with any relevant information or corrections.

Sources: Jackson, pp 270, 280

© Dylan Moore 2011: last edit 20/02/2016.

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