Cement Kilns



  • Grid reference: NZ38325777
  • x=438315
  • y=557770
  • 54°54'48"N; 1°24'7"W
  • Civil Parish: Sunderland, County Durham

Clinker manufacture operational: ?1872-?1909

Approximate total clinker production: 117,000 tonnes

Raw materials:


  • ?1875-1884 E W Harding
  • 1884-? United Portland Cement Co., Ltd
  • ?-?1909 Wear Portland Cement Co. (owners Matteson & Chapman)

Otherwise called Wear Works (but not to be confused with North Hylton, sometimes called Wear Works). The plant was built on a site that was previously a shipyard, next to a glass works that was already using the local ballast. The original venture also owned the adjacent gas works. Four dry process bottle kilns are marked on the 1896 map, and this corresponds with Davis' 1907 capacity of 100 t/week. It probably had this complement throughout. The plant was driven out of business by price-cutting. Transport was entirely by water. The site is now waste land.

No rotary kilns were installed.

Sources: Francis, p 227

© Dylan Moore 2011: commenced 17/02/2011: last edit 11/03/17.

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Old Maps

Approximate capacity: tonnes per year
Deptford clinker capacity