Borstal Manor


  • Grid reference: TQ72806699
  • x=572800
  • y=166990
  • 51°22'34"N; 0°28'59"E
  • Civil Parish: City of Rochester, Kent

Clinker manufacture operational: 1891-1902, 1914-1915, 1919-1921

Approximate total clinker production: 179,000 tonnes

Raw materials:


The plant was begun in the late 1880s by John Lamb Spoor, ex-manager of I. C. Johnson’s plant at Greenhithe, and on his bankruptcy, it was taken on in 1890 and completed by Percy J. Neate. It started with six Johnson chamber kilns (180 t/week). In 1897, eight Batchelor kilns were added, then six more in 1900 gave a final capacity of 600 t/week. The plant was used intermittently after takeover by APCM. The plant used only water transportation. After closure the site was cleared and is now part of a marina. The quarry is waste land.

No rotary kilns were installed.

Sources: Eve, p 28: Francis, pp 184-185: Jackson, p 273: Preston, p 84: Engineering, 30/1/1891, pp 130-132.